Buying guide

French Property Buyer’s guide

Here at Property Chic we realise the importance of investing wisely and it is with this in mind that we have developed the following guide for those who are interested in buying property in France.

When you decide to invest in a property, Property Chic will guide you every step of the way. This guide however, should give you a good idea of what steps lay ahead of you. Everything is transparent, clear and precise to suit your property criteria’s.

But first, some tips.

  • Location, location, location – the most important part of your decision. Take into consideration what the locale may look like in 10 years time and make your choice wisely by speaking to other individuals who may have bought property in the area.
  • Decide on a property type – would you like your new property to be modern and newly built or of a more traditional style, apartment block, house, villa, detached etc.? There are a multitude of property types to choose from, if you are unsure give us a call and we can go through your options with you in detail.
  • Budget – look at your budget realistically and stick to it! We can provide you with transparent cash flows to show you all the costs involved.
  • Funds – if you are relying on the sale of another property to secure payment on your investment, we would advise you to have the sale completed before you start the buying process.
  • Be aware that fees to purchase a new build property will be around 4% and an existing property 8% of the purchase price incl of VAT.

If you’ve decided to purchase your property with a French mortgage it’s wise to first get pre-qualified by a French Mortgage Broker to ensure that you qualify for the amount you want to borrow. Most people make the mistake of placing their deposit down too quickly before actually crunching the numbers and making sure the bank will lend them the money. The French banks don’t calculate your mortgage eligibility in the same format as the UK and Irish banks do, so this exercise cuts out a lot of time and frustration. Property Chic will assist you to ensure you first qualify for the amount you need, and secondly your down payment and monthly shortfall repayments are affordable.

With the assistance of Property Chic you will have located your ideal property in no time, after that come these steps, which we will assist you with

Step 1:Speak with our in house French Mortgage Broker to find out exactly how much can you borrow from the French Banks.

Step2: We will propose the properties that are within your budget range and provide you with a cash flow that is completely transparent shown you exactly how much you need as a down payment to cover deposits and purchasing costs. The monthly shortfall if any will also be indicated on the cash flow. You know from the start exactly how much your investment will costs you from the beginning and any additional charges relating to your property.

Step3: Place your deposit to secure your property by transferring 5% or 10% deposit to your French Notary. All funds are held within your French notary until completion of the property and contracts are signed. Your deposit is completely re-fund able if you cannot obtain a french mortgage.

Step4: You will receive your reservation contracts with the full terms and conditions of the property that you’re purchasing. This contract will have to be signed and initialled on each page and sent back to propertychic so we can check that there no missing information before sending it to the developer for counter signature. Once all parties have signed the reservation contract it’s sent to the notary office. You will also need to provide a copy of your passport, marriage certificate along to the notaries office.

Step 5: French Mortgages can take up to 3-4 months to get approval, once an approval is given the Notary office is happy to send out your title deeds or “Acte de Vente”, by ensuring everything is in order. The Notary is nominated by the vendor but they act without discrimination for both parties and their part of the state.

Step6: We will assist you in signing for your title deeds to ensure everything is in place. A breakdown of cost is provided with your purchase from the notary shown all the fees involved and your stage payments.

Step7: A certain % of the first stage payment will be required to be transferred to the Notaire, along with title deeds completed signed, Life insurance, Mortgage offer in Place.

Here are a breakdown of the taxes and fees associated with purchasing a property in France:

  • Purchasing costs: Notary Fees, (Stamp Duty, land registration tax, mortgage registration tax) 4% of the purchase price for New builds, and 8% for existing buildings which is calculated based on the VAT incl price with a mortgage, if purchasing without a mortgage then 3% for New builds, and 7% for existing buildings of the Vat incl price.
  • 19.6% VAT is always pre-financed for French Leaseback properties especially within the large developers so you are exempt from paying this fee.

Annual costs for French Leaseback properties

  • Property tax: This depends on the area, on average property tax is €10 per sqm
  • Accountant fees: €350

During the purchasing process you may encounter a number of terms that will not be familiar to you. Property Chic have compiled a glossary of these terms below, which we hope you find helpful.

A Rénover In need of renovation
Acheteur Purchaser/buyer
Acompte Deposit
Acquérir To buy
Acte Authentique De Vente Deed of sale
Action Share
Actuellement Actually
ADI (Assurance Décès Invalidité) Term and invalidity insurance
Affaire Bargain
Agence Agency/branch
Agent Immobilier Estate agent
Aménagé Converted
Ancien Old
Annuité Periodic payment, normally yearly
Are 100sq. metres
Argent Liquide Cash
Armoire Cupboard
Ascenseur Lift
Assurance D��cès Life assurance
Atelier Workshop
Attenan t Contiguous
Attestation De Propriété Proof of ownership of a property(deeds)
Avec With
Avec Tout Le Confort With all mod. cons.
Avis à Tiers Détenteur Notice to third party holder
Avocat Solicitor
Baignoire Bath
Ballon A Eau Chaude Hot water tank
Ballon Électrique Electric boiler
Banlieue Suburb
Batiment Building
Bénéficiaire Beneficiary
Bergerie Sheep pen
Bibliotheque Library
Boiseries Woodwork
Bord De Mer Seaside
Bourg Small town / village centre
Bricolage D.I.Y.
Buanderie Laundry/utility room
Bureau Office
Cabinet/WC Toilets
Cadastre Land registry
Calme Quiet
Campagne Country
Carrelage Tiled floor
Caution Guarantee
Cave Cellar
Cave Voutée Vaulted cellar
Centre Commercial Shopping centre
Cession Conveyance
Chambre Bedroom
Charges Comprises Service charges Inclusive
Charpente Structure
Chaud Hot
Chaudière Boiler
Chauffage Heating
Chauffage Central Central heating
Chaume Thatch
Chaumière Thatched cottage
Cheminée Fireplace
Chèque Cheque
Chèque De Banque Bankers draft
Climatisation Air-conditioning
Code Confidential Pin number
Colombier Pigeon house
Comble Loft
Commerces Shops
Commodités Lavatory
Commune Town/village/surrounding area
Compromis/Promesse De Vente Preliminary sales agreement
Comptable Accountant
Compteur Meter
Condition Suspensive Let-out clause
Contrat De Réservation Reservation contract
Convention Agreement
Couloir Corridor
Cour Yard/courtyard
Cour De Ferme Farmyard
Couvert Covered
Crédit Credit
Crédit Hypothécaire Mortgage
Cuisine Kitchen
Cuisine Aménegée Fitted kitchen
Cuisine Americaine Open-plan kitchen
Cuisine Équipée Equipped kitchen
Date D’expiration Expiry date
Débarras Box room
Débattre To be discussed
Débit Debit
Découvert Overdraft
Demandé Required
Dépendence Outbuilding
Dép��t Deposit
Dernier Last
Dernier Étage Top floor
Devise (Foreign) Currency
Divers (-es) Various
Double Vitrage Double glazing
Douche Shower
Droit De Passage Right of way
Ecuries Stables
En Bon État In good condition
Ensoleillement Sunshine
Entrée Hallway
Entretien Maintenance
Environ Approximately
Escalier Stairs
Espèces Cash
Est East
Etage Storey
Expert De Batiment Surveyor
Expert Géomètre Land surveyorv
Expertise Valuation appraisal
Exposé Nord North facing
Exposition Exposure
Facture Bill/invoice
Fenêtre Window
Ferme Farm
Feuille De Paie Payslip
Finitions Finishing
Fosse Septique Septic tank
Four Oven
Frais Feesv
Frais De Dossier Mortgage arrangement fee
Frais De Notaire Notary’s fees
Gardien Caretaker
Gare Train station
Gare Routiere Bus station
Grand Large
Grange Barn
Grenier Attic
Honoraires Notary’s fee
Hypothèque Legal charge
Immeuble Block of flats
Impôt Tax
Jardin Gardenv
Juriste Lawyer
Lavabo Sink
Laverie Laundry
Lingerie Linen room
Local Premises
Location Rental/tenancy
Logement Accommodation
Lotissement Housing estate
Maçon Builder (bricklayer)
Mairie Town hall
Maison 4 Pièces 4 bedroom house
Maison De Campagne Country house
Maison Mitoyenne Semi-detached house
Maison Paysanne Farm house
Mandat De Vente Contract to sell
Mas Farm house in the Provence area
Menuiseries Woodwork
Menuisier Carpenter
Monnaie Currency
Moquette Carpet
Moulin Mill/watermill
Multirisques Habitation Buildings contents insurance
Mur Wall
Mur Mitoyen Separating wall
Neuf New
Niveau Level
Nombreux Many
Nord North
Notaire French notary
Opposition Cancellation of payment
Ouest West
Parfait Perfect
Parking Car park
Parquet Wooden Floor
Particulier Individual
Pavillon Detached house
Pelouse Lawn
Penderie Wardrobe
Période D’anticipation Pre-completion period
Perron Flight of Stairs in front of a property
Piece Room
Pierre De Taille Freestone
Piscine Swimming pool
Placard Cupboard
Placement Investment
Plafond Ceiling
Plain Pied Single storey property
Plan D’eau Water feature/pond
Plomberie Plumbing
Plombier Plumber
Plus Values Capital gains tax
Portail Gate
Porte Door
Potager Kitchen garden
Pour For
Poutre Wooden beam
Prélèvement Automatique Direct debit
Prêt Loan
Pr��t Garanti Secured loan
Prêteur Lender
Principal Main
Prise Électrique Electrical socket
Procuration Power of attorney
Propriétaire Owner
Propriété Property
Puits Well
Rangements Storage space
Refait Restored
Relev���� De Compte Bank statement
Relevé D’identité Bancaire (RIB) Bank identity record
Remboursement Reimbursement
Renové Renovated
Renseignements Information/enquiries
Rentabilité Profitability
Réservoir Water tank
Revêtement Covering
Salle De Bains Bathroom
Salle De Séjour Living Room
Salon Sitting
Sol Ground
Solde Balance
Sous-Sol Basement
Standing High quality
Sur Deux (2) Niveaux Two storey
Tableau D’amortissement Monthly repayment schedule
Taux De Change Exchange rate
Terrain Grounds
Terrasse Terrace
Testament Will
Toit / Toiture Roof
Tout A L’égout Main drainage system
Travaux Building works
Très Bon État Very good condition
Urbanisme Town planning
Valable Valid
Vendeur Vendor
Vente En L’etat Futur D’achèvement (Vefa) Purchase of property not completed
Verger Orchard
Vestibule Entrance hall
Viabilisé Main services already available
Virement Bank transfer, standing order
Volets Window shutters
Vue View

Turkish Property Buyer’s Guide

Buying property in Turkey is fairly straight forward; we always recommend that you go through a Turkish solicitor that is English to ensure all is above board.
Here are some steps to buying in Turkey;

  • Select the right property; whether it’s for investment purposes or secondly holiday home you’re assured that we will guide you in every aspect in selecting your property.
  • Deposit payment between €5,000-€10,000 is paid to take your property off the market.
  • Get in touch with your solicitor to start the purchasing process. Property Chic can also recommend a well known solicitor.
  • Sales agreement will be prepared by the solicitor; you can also give a power of attorney to the solicitor to avoid you travelling to turkey to sign the required paper work, the solicitor will start the process and check the following;
  1. Check the owner on the title deeds selling the property is the actual owner
  2. Any charges outstanding on the property are paid from the previous owner
  3. All permits are in place, in building and licenses.
  4. Check the conditions on the contract are what is agreed from the buyer
  5. Stage payments are established for off plan properties usually 20-30% is paid as an initial deposit and for resale or properties that are built full payment is required and due within 3 months of the sales agreement to date.
  6. Process for the Military paper work takes place to ensure this check is carried out to ensure that the property is not in a military zone. Foreign ownership is not allowed to purchase property in Military zones. This process can take up to 3 months. When the approval from the government and the military is authorized then the property can be sold and Land Registry office will register the title deeds.

Purchasing costs in Turkey

Buying property in Turkey is low cost, for example property based on €100,000 costs would be the following;

Notary fees: €300
Purchasing tax: €3,300
Vat: n/a
Solicitor’s fee: €700
Gas & Electricity connection fees: €200
Military Application : €900.

Annual Costs

property tax : 0.3%
Council tax : €100 paid in 2 instalments in one year
Property Insurance €250
Communal charges depending on the type of your property annual 400-600 euros

Capital Gains Tax

In Turkey Capital Gains tax is except after 5 years, there is a sliding scale of 15% if you decide to sell before the 5 years. Double taxation agreement is in place between Turkey and Ireland/UK.

Visa Situation in Turkey

You can enter Turkey and obtain your visa in the Turkish airport for a 3 months period. If you wish to stay longer then a residents visa can be applied for, this is valid for 1-5 years. If you leave the country for 24 hours and re-entry then your 3 months period can start again, normally a short trip to Cyprus is taken.

Required Documentation to purchase a property in Turkey

Passport, Turkish bank account, 2 recent photographs and your local tax number. Your solicitor will assist you in obtaining your local tax number which will also be required for when you open up your bank account.